https://alliedhealth.ouhsc.edu/Research-Centers-Labs Parent Page: Research Centers & Labs id: 25674 Active Page: Developmental Disabilities/School Based Therapy id:25685

Developmental Disabilities/School Based Therapy

The Developmental Disabilities and School-based Therapy Research is led by Sandra Arnold, PT, PhD and Lynn Jeffries, PT, DPT, PhD, PCS, both from the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences. Dr. Arnold and Dr. Jeffries engage in and support individual and interprofessional research and its knowledge translation of individuals who have developmental disabilities and students with disabilities who receive school-based physical therapy and related services. 

Purpose

family

  • Support individuals with disabilities from birth to young adulthood, and their families, through evidence-based research and knowledge translation.
  • Provide clinical research for professionals and stakeholders who serve individuals with disabilities, to improve service delivery. 
  • Enhance and inform school-based physical therapy and related service delivery
  • Inform policy for individuals with disabilities through research and implementation

Knowledge Translation in School-based Physical Therapy

  • The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which physical therapists’ in educational settings use evidence-based intervention, their perceptions of their skills in doing so and identify their perceived barriers to and facilitators of the implement 
  • Data collection used survey and focus groups. 

knowledge DD

Validation of the School Outcomes Measure

  • Current National validation study, U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences (IES) R234A160226 Validating the School Outcomes Measure (SOM™): An Outcomes Measure for Student who Receive School-based Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy
  • School-based occupational therapists and physical therapists are expected to measure the effectiveness of their student interventions
  • No tool currently exists to measure outcomes of all students with disabilities ages 3-21 years
  • The SOM stands poised, as a national minimal data set, to capture and measure those student outcomes.

child

Move and Play

move and play

  • The purpose of the Move & PLAY study was to follow 430 children from the United Stated and Canada over a year to gain an understanding of factors associated with motor function, self-care, participation, and play of young children with cerebral palsy. 
  • Results provide physical therapists and families of children with cerebral palsy evidenced-based factors that contribute to the children outcomes. 

OnTrack

On Track

  • OnTrack was a large multi-site study that described the changes in balance, range of motion limitations, strength and endurance, number and impact of health conditions, and participation in self-care, recreation, and leisure activities over a one-year period in children with cerebral palsy. 
  • Longitudinal Trajectory and Reference Centiles were developed for each area described above. 

PT Counts

PT Counts

  • The purpose of the PT COUNTS study was to identify the malleable factors associated with achievement of educational and functional outcomes by students with disabilities, age 5 to 12 years, receiving school-based physical therapy.
  • The School Function Assessment (SFA) and Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) were used as measures to describe the outcomes that 296 students with disabilities from 26 states.

Contact Information

Sandra H. Arnold, PT, PhD
E-mail: sandra-arnold@ouhsc.edu 
(405) 271-2131 Ext. 47118

Lynn Jeffries, PT, DPT, PhD, PCS
E-mail: lynn-jeffries@ouhsc.edu 
(405) 271-2131 Ext. 47131

Address: 
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences
1200 N Stonewall, Room 1130
Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0901

Knowledge Transition & Funding

Knowledge Translation

Peer Reviewed Publications (recent):

  • Chiarello, L. A., Effgen, S., Jeffries, L. M., McCoy, S. W., & Villasante Tezanos, A. G. (2020). Relationship of school-based physical therapy services to student goal achievement. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 32(1), 26-33. Impact Factor 0.897. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000662
  • Clevenger, V. D., Jeffries, L. M., Effgen, S. K., Chen, S., & Arnold, S. H. (2020). School-based physical therapy services: A model to predict the gap between ideal and actual embedded services. Accepted Pediatric Physical Therapy, 32(2), 98-105. Impact Factor 0.897. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000683.
  • Fragala-Pinkham, M. A., Ball, A. L., Jeffries, L. M. (2020) Efficacy of lower extremity cycling interventions for youth with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, early online, doi: 10.1080/01942638.2020.1862384.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A. L., McCoy, S. W., & Avery, L. (2020). Longitudinal change in common impairments in children with cerebral palsy from age 1.5 to 11 years. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 32(1), 45-50. Impact Factor 0.897. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000632.
  • Klug, K.B., Kolobe, T.H.A., James, S.A., & Arnold, S.H. (2020). Concurrent Validity of the School Outcomes Measure and the School Function Assessment in Elementary Students. Pediatric Physical Therapy,32 (3), 180-88. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000710
  • McCoy, S. W., Palisano, R., Avery, L., Jeffries, L. M., Chiarello, L. A., & Hanna, S. (2020). Physical, occupational, and speech therapy for children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 62(1), 140-146. doi:10.1111/dmcn.14325. Impact Factor 3.532
  • Veirs, K. P., Baldwin, J. D., Rippetoe, J., Fagg, A., Haleem, A., Jeffries, L., . . . Dionne, C. P. (2020). Multi-Segment Assessment of Ankle and Foot Kinematics during Relevé Barefoot and En Pointe. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice, 32(3), 167-175.
  • McCoy, S. W., Palisano, R., Avery, L., Jeffries, L. M., Chiarello, L. A., & Hanna, S. (2020). Physical, occupational, and speech therapy for children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 62(1), 140-146. doi:10.1111/dmcn.14325. Impact Factor 3.532.
  • Stauter, D.W., Prehn, J., Peters, M., Jeffries, L. M., Sylvester, L., Wang, H., & Dionne, D. (2019). Assistive technology for literacy in students with physical disabilities: A systematic review. Journal of Special Education Technology, 34(4), 284-292. doi: 10.1177/0162643419868259.
  • Fiss, A., Jeffries, L. M., Yocum, A., McCoy, S.W. (2019). Validity of the Early Activity Scale for Endurance and the Six-Minute Walk Test. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 31(2), 156-163. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000577. Impact Factor 0.897.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss A.L., McCoy, S.W., Bartlett, D., Avery, L., Hanna, S., On Track Study Team. (2019). Developmental trajectories and reference percentiles for range of motion, endurance, and muscle strength of children with cerebral palsy. Physical Therapy, 99, 329-338. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzy160.  Impact Factor 2.587.
  • Neal, G. E., Effgen, S., Arnold, S., Baldwin, J., & Jeffries, L. M. (2019). Description of school-based physical therapy services and outcomes for students with Down syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 49(10), 4019-4029. doi:10.1007/s10803-019-04109-7. Impact Factor 3.476.
  • Fiss, A., Jeffries, L. M., Bjornson, K., Avery, L., Hanna, S., McCoy, S.W. (2019). Developmental trajectories and reference percentiles for the 6-minute walk test for children with cerebral palsy. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 31, 51-59. Impact Factor 0.897.
  • Jeffries, L. M., McCoy, S. W., Effgen, S. K., Chiarello, L. A., & Villasante Tezanos, A. G. (2019). Description of the services, activities and interventions within school-based physical therapy practice across the United States. Physical Therapy, 99, 98-108. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzy12.  Impact Factor 2.587.
  • James, D., Pfaff, J., Jeffries, L. M. (2019). Modified ride-on cars as early mobility for children with mobility limitations: A scoping review. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 39(5), 525-542. doi: 10.1080/01942638.2018.1547808. Impact Factor 1.719.
  • Bartlett, D, Gorter, J.W., Jeffries, L. M., Avery, L, Hanna, S. (2019). Longitudinal trajectories and reference percentiles for the impact of health conditions for on daily activities of children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 61, 469-476. https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14080.   Impact Factor. 3.532.
  • Chiarello, L., Bartlett, D., McCoy, S., Palisano, R., Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A., & Wilk, P. (2018). Determinants of playfulness in young children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 22(4), 240-249. doi: 10.1080/17518423.2018.1471623. Impact Factor 1.34.
  • Fancher, L., Priestley-Hopkins, D.A., Jeffries, L. M.  (2018). Pre-kindergarten to 2nd grade handwriting acquisition and intervention: A systematic review. Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention, 11(4), 454-473. doi: 10.1080/19411243.2018.1534634
  • Kracht, C.L., Sisson, S.B., Guseman, E.H., Hubbs-Tait, L., Arnold, S.H., Graef, J. & Knehans, A. (2018). Difference in objectively measured physical activity and obesity in children with and without siblings. Pediatric Exercise Science.  doi: 10.1123/pes.2018-0184
  • McCoy, S.W., Effgen, S. K., Chiarello, L. A, Jeffries, L. M., & Villasante Tezanos, A. G. (2018). School-based physical therapy services and student functional performance at school. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 60, 1140-1148. doi: 10.1111.dmcn.13748. Impact Factor 3.532.
  • Smith, C.L., Benear, A., Anderson, M.A., Soto, J., Arnold. S, & Sisson, S.B. (2018).  Relationship between outdoor and TV viewing time with children’s Movement in Early Care Settings. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine,3(5), 36-42. doi: 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000055
  • Woods S.G., Knehans A, Arnold S, Dionne C, Hoffman L, Turner P, & Baldwin J. (2018). The associations between diet and physical activity with body composition and walking a timed distance in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome. Food and Nutrition Research, 62, 1343-1353.
  • Sisson, S.B., Stoner, J.A., Li, J., Stephens, L., Campbell, J.E., Lora, K.R., Arnold, S.H., Horm, D., & DeGrace, B. (2017). Tribally affiliated childcare center environment and obesogenic behaviors in young children. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117 (3), 433-440.
  • Chiarello, L., Bartlett, D., McCoy, S., Palisano, R., Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A., & Wilk, P. (2016). Determinants of participation in family and recreational activities of young children with cerebral palsy. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25, 2455-2468.  Impact Factor 1.804.
  • Chiarello, L. A., Effgen, S. K., McCoy, S. W., Jeffries, L. M., Starnes, C., & Bush, H. (2016). Student outcomes of school-based physical therapy as measured by Goal Attainment Scaling. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 28, 277-284. Impact Factor 0.851.
  • Effgen, S. K., McCoy, S. W., Chiarello, L. A., Jeffries, L. M, & Bush, H. (2016). Physical therapy related child outcomes in school: An example of practice based evidence methodology. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 28, 47-56. Impact Factor 0.851
  • Effgen, S. K., McCoy, S. W., Chiarello, L.A., Jeffries, L. M., Starnes, C., & Bush, H. (2016). Outcomes for students receiving school-based physical therapy as measured by the School Function Assessment. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 28, 371-378. Impact Factor 0.851.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A, McCoy, S W. & Bartlett, D. (2016). Description of primary and secondary impairment in young children with cerebral palsy. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 28, 7-14. Impact Factor 0.851.
  • Sisson, S.B.  Li, J., Stoner, J.A., Lora, K.R., Campbell, J.E., Arnold, S.H., DeGrace, B., Horm, D., & Stephens, L. (2016). Obesogenic Environments in Tribally Affiliated Child Care Centers and Corresponding Obesity in Preschool Children. Preventative Medicine, 3, 151-158, doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.01.003
  • Prehn, J, McEwen I, Jeffries L, Jones M, Daniels T, Goshorn E, & Marx C. (2015). Decreasing sound and vibration during ground transport of infants with very low birth weight. Journal of Perinatology, 35, 110-114. Impact Factor 2.087.
  • Wilson, R.A.A., Kolobe, T.H.A., Arnold, S. H., & McEwen, I.R (2015).  Concurrent Validity of the School Outcomes Measure (SOM) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) in Preschool Aged Children. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 35(1), 40-53.
  • Yaroslawitz, S. L., DeGrace,  B.W., Sloop, J., Arnold,  S.,& Hamilton, T. B.(2015). A study of family health in Chareidi second and third generation survivors of the Holocaust. Work,50(3), 501-10. doi: 10.3233/WOR-141961.
  • Deville, C., McEwen, I.R.& Arnold, S.H. (2015) Knowledge Translation of the Gross Motor Function Classification System among Pediatric Physical Therapists Pediatric Physical Therapy, 27(7), 376-84.  Jeanne Hughes Award for best paper published in Pediatric Physical Therapy in 2015
  • Wilson, R.A.A., Kolobe, T.H.A., Arnold, S. H., & McEwen, I.R (2015).  Concurrent Validity of the School Outcomes Measure (SOM) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) in Preschool Aged Children. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 35(1), 40-53.

Peer-Reviewed Presentations (recent):

  • Arnold, S.H., Fragala-Pinkham, M., James, S.A., Kramer, J.M., & Kolobe, T.H.A. Determinants of Change in Student Mobility, Daily Activity, and Social-Cognitive Status during a School Year. Feb. 2021, Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, virtual conference (COVID-19). 
  • Caldwell, M., Effgen, S., Villasante Tezanos, A., Jeffries, L. M. Regional differences in school-based practice for students who achieve goals. Poster presentation accepted at, APTA Combined Section Virtual Meeting, February 2021.
  • Cheema, C., Randall, K., Jeffries, L. M. Improving student confidence through clinical reasoning theater, Poster presentation accepted at, APTA Combined Section Virtual Meeting, February 2021.
  • Fragala-Pinkham, M., Kolobe, T.H.A., James, S.A., Kramer, J.M., & Arnold, S.H. Functional Changes in Students Receiving Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy in School. Feb. 2021, Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, virtual conference (COVID-19).
  • Arnold, S.H., Jeffries, L.M., & Haller, C.N, Experiential Learning in Pediatric Physical Therapy Education: Linking with the Child’s Community. Poster presentation at APTA Pediatrics Virtual Annual Conference, October 14-15, 2020.
  • Bender, D.G., Jeffries, L. M., Tsotsoros, J., Isaacson, M., Cooper, J. Examining bias and privilege as a strategy to decrease barriers to interprofessional communication. Poster presented, NEXUS Summit, August 2020.
  • Caldwell, M., Effgen, S.K., Tezanos, A.V., & Jeffries, L.M. Regional Differences in School-Based Physical Therapy for Students Who Made Progress on the School Function Assessment (SFA), Poster presentation at APTA Pediatrics Virtual Annual Conference, October 14-15, 2020. 
  • Hammontree, J., Kolobe, T. H.,  Jeffries, L. M., DeGrace, B. Relationships among postural control, visual attention, motivation to move, and cognition in infants. . Poster presentation Accepted, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Denver, CO. February 15, 2020.
  • Jeffries, L. M. Dzul-Garcia, C., Jones, M. School-based physical therapy: The facilitators and barriers to practice. Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Denver, CO. February 15, 2020.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Tollers, P., Ward, J., Chase, B., Estes, A., Bender, D. G. Building student leadership through an Interprofessional student-led retreat. Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Denver, CO. February 14, 2020.
  • Pfaff, J. Jeffries, L. M. Parent perceptions and experiences regarding their child’s use of modified ride-on cars. Poster presentation Accepted, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Denver, CO. February 15, 2020.
  • Arnold, S.H., Kolobe, THA, Smith, E. Evaluating Dimensionality of Scales: Implications for Tool Utility. May 12, 2019, World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress 2019, Geneva, Switzerland. [Poster]
  • Bender, D. G., Jeffries, L. M., Randall, K., Lepak, V., Isaacson, M. Hudson, M. A. Non-traditional team engagement in an interprofessional case management course. Poster presentation, Collaborating Across Boarders, American Interprofessional Health Collaborative. Indianapolis, IN, October 23, 2019. 
  • Davis, A., Hobson, A., Jeffries, L. M. The Efficacy of Alternative Seating for Students with Autism Specturm Disorders and Attention Deficits. College of Allied Health Research Day. April 12, 2019. 
  • Dzul-Garcia, C., Jones, M., Jeffries, L. M. Facilitators and Barriers of School-Based Physical Therapy. College of Allied Health Research Day. April 12, 2019. 
  • Feldner, H. A., Fiss, A. L., Jeffries, L. M., McCoy, S. W. Clinician Perspectives of a novel pediatric developmental monitoring system: Acceptability, appropriateness, and feasibility. Platform presentation, Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy: Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, November 15-18, 2019.
  • Flygare, T., Baldwin, J., Jeffries, L. M. Clinical Instructor Productivity when Educating Doctor of Physical Therapy Students. Poster presentation, College of Allied Health Research Day. April 12, 2019. 
  • Jeffries, L. M. Bender, D. G. Learning together: Interprofessional education involving a physical therapy program and occupational therapy program. Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Washington, DC, January 24, 2019.  
  • Jeffries, L. M. Flygare, T. Clinician productivity: What happens when students arrive? Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Washington, DC, January 24, 2019.  
  • McCoy, S., Avery, L., Palisano, R., Chiarello, L., Fiss, A. L., Jeffries, L. M., & Hanna, S. Relationship of Rehabilitation Services to Children with Cerebral Palsy’s Development. Platform presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, Washington, DC, January 24, 2019
  • Porter, A., Jones, M., Kolobe, T., Arnold, S. Location of school-based therapy: does it matter when examining participation outcomes? Nov. 15, 2019, American Physical Therapy Association, Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy Annual Conference, Anaheim, California.
  • Arnold, S. H., Kolobe, T.K., Porter, A., Planning a National Study: Overcoming Challenges. November 10, 2018. The APTA Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy Annual Conference, Chattanooga, Tennessee. [Poster]
  • Cole, A., Porter, A., Jeffries, L. M. Effects of activity based video games on balance in children with disabilities: A systemic review. Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, New Orleans, LA, February 22-24, 2018.  
  • Fiss, A. L., Jeffries, L. M. Collaborative Developmental Monitoring to Provide Optimal Individualized Services for Children with Cerebral Palsy: The On Track Developmental Monitoring System. Poster presentation, Southeastern Pediatric Research Conference. Atlanta, GA, June 8, 2018.
  • James, D., Pfaff, J, Jeffries, L. M. Modified ride-on cars as early mobility for children with mobility limitations: A scoping review. Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, New Orleans, LA, February 22-24, 2018 
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A. L., McCoy S. W., Bartlett, D. J. Longitudinal trajectories and reference percentiles of impairments in children with cerebral palsy. Poster presentation, OUSHC College of Allied Health Research Day 2018. Oklahoma City, OK, April 13, 2018.  
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A. L. Monitoring Impairments in Children with Cerebral Palsy. Poster presentation, OUSHC College of Medicine Pediatric Research Day. Oklahoma City, OK, March 9, 2018.  
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A. L., McCoy, S. W. Monitoring change over time of impairments in children with cerebral palsy. Presentation (2 hour) at APTA Combined Section Meeting, New Orleans, LA, February 22, 2018.  
  • Jeffries, L. M. Who do doctor of physical therapy student’s work with during clinical education experience. Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, New Orleans, LA, February 22-24, 2018.  
  • Arnold, S. H., Validating the Outcomes of Students Who Receive School-based Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy, Oct. 10, 2017, 33rd Annual Pacific Rim International Conference on Disability and Diversity, Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Bender, D. G., Jeffries, L. M. Creating an interprofessional education bridge between community practitioners and academicians. Platform presentation, Annual Conference of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP), San Antonio, TX, October 21, 2017.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Neal, G., Effgen, S., McCoy, S, Chiarello, L. School-based physical therapy services for students with Down syndrome within the United States.  Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, San Antonio, TX, February 16-18, 2017. 
  • Effgen, S., McCoy, S., Chiarello, L., & Jeffries L. M. Example of Practice-Based Evidence Research Design Methodology to Study School-Based Practice.  Poster presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, February 17-20, 2016.
  • Jeffries, L. M, Facilitating a successful clinical education experience in early intervention.  Presentation at the Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference, Keystone, CO, November 11-13, 2016.
  • Jeffries, L. M, Effgen S, McCoy S., & Chiarello L. What is happening in schools? Are we doing the same interventions for the same amount of time and having the same outcomes across the USA?  Presentation at the Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference, Keystone, CO, November 11-13, 2016.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A., Bartlett, D. & McCoy S.W. A pilot study of change in secondary impairments in children with cerebral palsy: Are current preventative measures working? Poster presentation, IV Step Prevention, Predication, Plasticity, and Participation, Conference, Columbus, OH, July 14-19, 2016.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Fiss, A., & McCoy S. W. Cross-sectional comparison of impairments in young and older children with cerebral palsy. Platform presentation, APTA Combined Section Meeting, February 17-20, 2016.
  • Klug, K., Arnold, S.H., Kolobe, T.H.A., James, S., DeGrace, B., & Silverman, M, Concurrent Validity of the School Outcomes Measure (SOM) and the School Function Assessment (SFA), February, 2016; American Physical Therapy Association Combined Sections Meeting, Anaheim, California. [Poster] 
  • MacRone-Wojton, M., Arnold, S.H., Kolobe, T.H.A., & DeGrace, B.W., Construct Validity of the School Outcomes Measure (SOM) When Used with secondary   Students Receiving School-Based Therapy, April, 2016; American Occupational Therapy Association Annual Conference & Expo, Chicago, Illinois. [Poster]
  • Westcott McCoy, S., Diller, L., Palisano, R., Bartlett, D., Chiarello, L., Fiss, A, Jeffries L. M., & Galupi B. Longitudinal comparison of rehabilitation services received by children with cerebral palsy and their leisure participation from 1.5 to 11 years of age. Poster Presentation, International Conference on Cerebral Palsy and other Childhood-onset Disabilities, Stockholm, June 1-4, 2016.
  • Effgen, S., McCoy, S., Chiarello, L., Jeffries, L. M., & Bush, H. Outcomes of school-based physical therapy to outcomes for children with disabilities in the United States. Poster presentation at the World Confederation of Physical Therapy. Singapore, May 1-4, 2015.   
  • Fiss, A., Jeffries, L. M. & Ford N. Family-Researcher Collaboration: Bringing the Family’s Voice to Research. Presentation at the Division of Early Childhood Conference, Atlanta, GA, October 7-9, 2015.
  • Jeffries, L. M., Effgen, S. K., McCoy, S. W., & Chiarello, L. School-based physical therapy service: An analysis of individualized student outcomes using Goal Attainment Scaling. Poster presentation at APTA Combined Sections Meeting, Indianapolis, IN, February, 7, 2015.
  • McCoy, S., Effgen, S., Chiarello, L., Jeffries, L. M., & Bush, H. Relationship of school-based physical therapy to outcomes for children with disabilities in the United States.  Poster presentation at the World Confederation of Physical Therapy. Singapore, May 1-4, 2015.   

Funding

  • 2017-2018 - Exploring Knowledge Translation in School Based Physical Therapy, Jeffries, L.M. – Principal Investigator, OCAST, ($44,877) 
  • 2016-2020 - Validating the School Outcomes Measure (SOM): An Outcomes Measure for Students Who Receive School-based Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy, Arnold, S.H. – Principal Investigator & Project Director, Special Education Research Grants- Measurement, Institute of Education Sciences, ($1,599,806), 1-year no cost extension (2020-2021)
  • 2013-2017 - Developmental Trajectories of Impairments, Health, and Participation of Children with Cerebral Palsy, McCoy, S, (PI). Bartlett, D., Chiarello, L., Palisano, R., Jeffries, L.M., LaForme Fiss, A. (Co-PIs), PCORI, ($1,906,955 (total) $139,050 (Oklahoma portion). 
  • 2012-2017 - Developmental Trajectories of Impairments, Associated Health Conditions, and Participation of Children with Cerebral Palsy, Bartlett, D., McCoy, S., Chiarello, L. Palisano, R, Jeffries, L. M., LaForme Fiss, A, Gorter JW, Hanna S. (Co-PIs), Canadian Institutes of Health Research, $1,000,439 (Total, Canadian Dollars), $42,286 (Oklahoma portion). 
  • 2011- 2014 - Relationship of Student Outcomes of School-Based Physical Therapy Services, Effgen S, (PI) McCoy S, Chiarello L, Jeffries L.M. (Co-PIs), Institute for Education Sciences, $851,820 (total) $78,197 (Oklahoma portion), 1-year no cost extension (2014-2015).
  • 2006-2007 - Construct Validation of School Outcomes Measure, Arnold, S.H.- Principal Investigator, Presbyterian Health Foundation Seed Grant, OUHSC, ($23,829), 1-year no-cost extension (2007-2008)
  • 1999-2000 - Preliminary Reliability and Validity of a Minimal Data Set to Measure Outcomes of School-Based Occupational and Physical Therapy, McEwen, I.M. - Project Director; Arnold, S.H. - Research Assistant, Presbyterian Health Foundation seed grant, ($27,188)